William Tunks and Sarah Lyons Timeline

1754
William Tunks Birth
William (Tonks) Tunks was born in 1754 in England. HIs actual birthplace is unconfirmed but believed to be Worcestershire, England.
1754
Abt 1763
Sarah Lyons Birth
Sarah Lyons was born about 1763 in England. Her actual birthplace is unknown.
Abt 1763
1778
William Tunks Military
1778, the 100th Company, Chatham Division of Marines, was raised in response to the American War of Independence. William was listed as follows" "Age 18. Height 5'4". Hair Complexion fair. Trade Collier. Born city of Worcester. Enlisted 14 March 1778'
1778
1783
William Tunks Military
100th Company of Chatham Division was disbanded in response to the end of the American War of Independence. William was discharged from the 100th on 21 July 1783.
1783
1785
William Tunks Military
The next mention we find of William is 18 months later, when he appears in a muster list as a member of the 69th Company of Portsmouth Division dated 20 January 1785. Portsmouth Division was known to have been assigned Worcestershire for a recruiting drive at that time. Possibly, William returned to civilian life after the war then re-enlisted when recruiting officers arrived in his district.
1785
1786
Sarah Lyons convicted of Stealing
SARAH LYON and ANN GIBSON were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 13th day of February , nine yards of thread lace, value 20s. the property of Thomas Hattersley, privily in his shop . Sarah Lyon(s) was found guilt of stealing. Sentence To be privately whipped and confined for six months in the House of Correction. Ann Gibson was found Not Guilty. Proceeding of the Old Bailey, 22 Feb 1786, p.117
1786
1786
William Tunks Military
Twenty months later on 20 September 1786, William was discharged from HMS Ganges, a British Training vessel to Haslar Hospital. Haslar in Gosport which is near Portsmouth in the south coast, has been the British Military hospital from its completion in 1753 to the present time.
1786
1787
William Tunks Military
William was being victualled onshore at headquarters in Portsmouth from 15 Feb 1787, when his age is listed as 26 until mustered in May 1787 for a voyage on the First Fleet.
1787
1787
Marine on H.M.S. Sirius
Pte. William Tunks (listed as Tonks) was serving aboard H.M.S. Sirius from 24 February 1787 to 5 June 1789 when he was discharged from the ship at Port Jackson. William's activities aboard HMS Sirius were not remarked upon by his senior officers. We can therefore assume he fulfilled his duties throughout the eight-month-long voyage, until the First Fleet arrived in Sydney Cove under the command of Captain Philip on 26 January 1788
1787
25 June 1788
Sarah Lyons Convicted of Grand Larceny
SARAH LYONS was indicted for stealing, on the 26th day of May , one piece of silk, for handkerchiefs, containing in length seven yards, value 20/-, the goods of William Jones , John Jones , William Albion Jones , and John Walford . Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr Justice Wilson. Found Guilty and sentenced to transportation to NSW for 7 years.
25 June 1788
25 June 1788
Sarah Lyons Newgate Prison
Sarah Lyons was sent to the nortorious Newgate Prison to await transportation.
25 June 1788
9 July 1789
Sarah Lyons Transported
SARAH LYONS was one of 256 convicts, mainly women, transported to NSW on the Lady Juliana.
9 July 1789
1789
William Tunks Military
William Tunks was discharged from the "Sirius" , the ship in which he arrived, to the Port Jackson company on the 5th of June 1789. He remained with this company as a Gimlet Maker until February of 1790.
1789
3 June 1790
Sarah Lyons Arrives in NSW
SARAH LYONS arrives in NSW
3 June 1790
1 Aug 1790
Sarah Lyons sent to Norfolk Island
SARAH LYONS and 150 of the female convicts from the "Lady Juliana" sailed for Norfolk Island.
1 Aug 1790
26 October 1791
William Tunks Land Grant

On 26 October, 1791 William Tunks sets sail for Norfolk Island on board the ship 'Atlantic', where he received a grant of 60 acres on Cascade Rd, Phillipsburg. He grew grain for the colony and on many occasions sold it direct to the settlement.

26 October 1791
26 Mar 1791
Sarah Lyons receives 25 Lashes

Journal and Letters of Lt Ralph Clarke. "Sarah punished with 25 lashes for stricking (striking) and ill-using Chat (Charlotte) White and they both belong to Charlotte Field. The woman is a D___ B____ ."

26 Mar 1791
6 Jun 1791
Sarah Lyons receives 50 Lashes
From the Journal and Letters of Ralph Clarke."... ordered Sarah Lyons to receive 50 lashes for abusing Mr Wentworth. She only received 16 as Mr Wentworth begged that she might be forgiven the other 34 which she was ordered."
6 Jun 1791
16 Nov 1791
Listed as Marine Settler
William Tunks is listed as a marine settler on the “Return of Marines”. He was granted 60 acres on the left of Cascade Road near Philipsburg, but the exact location is not known. MM p. 10 Historical Records of Australia
16 Nov 1791
Nov 1791
William Tunks and Sarah Lyons
William meets Sarah Lyons on Norfolk Island. There is no record that William and Sarah were one of the large number of marriages performed by Rev. Richard Johnson when he briefly visited the island in Nov. 1791.
Nov 1791
5 Aug 1792
Birth of Daughter -
Rebecca Ann Tunks
His daughter Rebecca Ann was born on Norfolk Island.
5 Aug 1792
1 Mar 1793
Return to Sydney
William gives up his land grant. He and Sarah leave Norfolk Island for Sydney on the "Kitty". MM p. 16 They found the colony in the hands of Major Grose and the officers of the NSW Corps. Phillip had returned to England and a new governor had not been appointed. Major Grose had been given permission to make land grants.
1 Mar 1793
5 Mar 1795
Birth of Son - John Tunks
His son John was born on 5 March 1795 in New South Wales. NSW.reg.no.V1795443 1A Mulgrave Place
5 Mar 1795
7 Jun 1795
John Tunks Baptised
William and Sarah's son, John, is born. He is baptized at St John's Anglican Church, Parramatta, on 7th June. MM. p. 18
7 Jun 1795
1795
Sarah Lyons a Witness
Sarah referred to as a Jewess in a court trial involving her friend Amelia Levy and a thief who stole some garments.
1795
April 1795
William Tunks serves in Military
William (Tonks) Tunks served in the NSW Army Corp in in Sydney, when he was 41 years old.
April 1795
22 Jul 1795
William Tunks Land Grant
Granted 25 acres on the River Hawkesbury in the district of Mulgrave Place. Rent 1 shilling per year commencing after 5 years. Title deed signed by William Patterson. He and Sarah are expected to live on this land and farm it. William still in Regiment. MM.p16
22 Jul 1795
1798
Birth and Death of Son - Abraham Tunks
Their son Abraham was born in 1798 and passed away that same day. Abraham TUNCK 19/11/1798 Registered at St Philips, Sydney
1798
Mar 1799
Hawkesbury Flood
The river rose fifty feet above its common level, the banks were overflown with vast rapidity, and the torrent was so powerful that it carried all before it. The Government Store and all it contained were swept away.
Mar 1799
29 Jul 1801
Witness in Court Martial
William Tonks, was sentry at the commanding officers door and was called as witness in Court Marshall of Lieut't Marshall, of the Royal Navy, for assault and battery on Capt Abbott.
29 Jul 1801
1801
Birth and Death of Daughter - Ester Tunks
His daughter Esther was born in 1801 and passed away that same day. Esther TANKS 13/1/1801 Registered at St Philips Church, Sydney
1801
1801
Birth of Son - Charles Tunks
His son Charles was born in 1801.
1801
24 Apr 1803
Discharged from Army Corp
William is discharged from the NSW Corps. He is now 49 years old. Biographical Dictionary p. 361
24 Apr 1803
1 Jun 1803
Land Grant Nepean
William applies for another grant of land. He receives 140 acres from Governor King. It is located on the Nepean River in the district of Evan near the little township of Castlereagh, which is not far from Penrith.
1 Jun 1803
23 Mar 1806
Nepean Flood
Floods! The Hawkesbury River rose 471⁄2 ft and the settlers are badly affected. Governor King asks Rev. Samuel Marsden and Thomas Arndell to report on the impact. They comment: “Tunks – No wheat – No corn – No pigs – Wife and 3 children. Wife near her time
23 Mar 1806
1806
Sarah Lyons Unmarried
In Samuel Marsden's 1806 muster he lists Sarah as a concubine with 2 illigitimate children. Marsden referred to all women not married by the C of E rites as concubines.
1806
6 Aug 1806
Governor Bligh Arrives
When Bligh assumed office, the Colony was still in considerable want of grain. Seed grain was scarce and the vessels that had arrived were short-victualled in the hope of obtaining plentiful supplies locally.
6 Aug 1806
1806
Birth and Death of Child
Their fifth child, unnamed, was born in 1806 and passed away that same day.
1806
10 Feb 1807
Governor King Leaves
10 Feb 1807
7 Feb 1808
Marriage of Daughter
William and Sarah's daughter, Rebecca Ann, marries John Andrews who had a grant of land near theirs in Napean, near Castlereagh.
7 Feb 1808
8 Mar 1808
Oath of Allegiance
William is recorded as taking the oath of allegiance to the Sydney Loyal Association. Colonial Secretary Index, 1788- 1825, State Records NSW
8 Mar 1808
1 Sep 1809
Encounter with Tedbury
William Tunks has an “encounter” with a native, Tedbury, and two of his friends, in the bush near Parramatta. Tedbury's father, Pemulevoy had been executed for committing atrocities on solitary travellers.
1 Sep 1809
31 Dec 1809
Governor Macquarie Arrives
Macquarie realised the river flats were too valuable to abandon entirely but by bringing habitations out of the danger areas of floods, the dangers to human life, livestock and harvested crops would be obviated.
31 Dec 1809
4 Jun 1810
Member Loyal Sydney Volunteers
William is recorded as a “Member of Loyal Sydney Volunteer Association”. This was, “A volunteer company formed to counteract the threat of convict insurgence.” (See, Wikipaedia entry for William Balmain.) Colonial Secretary Index, 1788- 1825, State Records.
4 Jun 1810
4 Jun 1810
John Tunks goes to Sea
William's son John, aged 15 years goes to sea. MM. p23
4 Jun 1810
30 Jul 1811
Land Grant Airds
William's name is on the list “of persons to receive lands in the new Districts of Airds or Appin, and in other parts of the colony”. He is listed here as “Tonks”. Colonial Secretary Index, Fiche 3266; 9/2652 p. 10
30 Jul 1811
Nov 1814
Victualling: Off Stores
William Tunks, Arrived Sirius, Gimblet Maker, Mustered at Sydney. Victualling: Off Stores. 1814 General Muster Sarah Lyons, arrived Landy Juliana, Status: F Occupation: Wife to Tonks, Victualling: Off Stores, Children: 1 child off stores.
Nov 1814
27 Mar 1815
Son John marries Esther Arndell
William and Sarah's son, John, marries Ester Arndell at Christ Church of England, Castlereagh. MM p. 23 Theirs was the first marriage to be conducted in the new church.
27 Mar 1815
7 Jan 1820
Occupation
William Tunks was paid for 4 Dozen Gimblets by D'Arcy Wentworth who was treasurer of the Colonial Police Force. William received one pound and twelve shillings as payment. MM. p. 20 Sydney Gazette, Jan 8, 1820
7 Jan 1820
17 Aug 1821
Son Charles Tunks
Charles Tunks, leaves for Sea. Charles is drowned at sea and never claims his land grant he received in 1822.
17 Aug 1821
1822
Sarah Lyons Lives in Liverpool
In 1822, Sarah Lyons was living in Liverpool, New South Wales around the time when the first white settlers moved into Australia’s interior.
1822
6 Aug 1821
William Tunks Death
William's death is recorded in St Philips register, Sydney, as occurring on 6 August, 1821. http://www.australianhistoryresearch.info/first-fleeters-devonshire-street-cemetery/
6 Aug 1821
8 Aug 1821
William Tunks Burial
William's burial place is registered at St Philip's Church as the Sydney Burial Ground, Devonshire St. The pioneers buried there were later exhumed and re-buried in various other cemeteries. The location of William's grave is not known.
8 Aug 1821
26 Apr 1831
Death of Son-in-Law, John Andrews
John Andrews, a publican at the Rose, Shamrock and Thistle Inn owned by his brother-in-law John Tunks, committed suicide.
26 Apr 1831
23 Sep 1834
Daughter marries John Perry
Rebecca Ann Andrews is married to John Perry in Parramatta by Rev. Samuel Marsden
23 Sep 1834
7 Dec 1834
Death of daughter Rebecca Ann Perry
Their daughter Rebecca Ann passed away on 7 December 1834 in Parramatta, New South Wales, at the age of 42.
7 Dec 1834
27 Jul 1837
Death of Sarah Lyons
Sarah Lyons died on 27 July 1837 in Parramatta, New South Wales, when she was 74 years old.
27 Jul 1837
31 Jul 1837
Inquest into Death of Sarah Lyons
Another inquest was held the same day, at the Horse and Jockey, Sussex-street, on the body of an elderly female named Sarah Tunks, who was found floating in Cockle bay, near King street, early yesterday morning. It was said that the deceased came down by the steamer from Parramatta, on Tuesday afternoon, and the presumption is that she fell off the wharf, but there was no evidence of that fact. The jury returned a verdict of found drowned. The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 - 1842), Monday 31 July 1837, page 2
31 Jul 1837
1837
Burial of Sarah Lyons
Sarah Lyons was buried as Sarah Tunks in an unmarked grave in St John's Cemetery, Parramatta.
1837